The future of electronics may be silicon-free. Precisely the element that has allowed the birth, facilitating the expansion to the present day, it may not be necessary in the future. Researchers at Purdue University have in fact devised the new transistor that, in addition to using different materials from the classic silicon, have a four-dimensional structure, promising major developments in the world of technology.
At the core of these components are indium, gallium and arsenic , combined to create a league of new generation can also be used in the electronics industry. Made in the shape of a Christmas tree, owe their structure 4D to a vertical connection in parallel of more transistors and transistors compared to the current 3D offer a series of advantages both in terms of weight that of heat dissipation. Such devices could therefore find a space in the manufacture of integrated circuits, allowing it to assemble notebook ever lighter and able to heat up as little as possible .
Although rapidly evolving technology based on silicon are in fact in a direction that sooner or later will lead to a barrier difficult to overcome, related to the impossibility of going beyond a certain size. Thus comes the need to find alternative materials that can provide improvements in performance and that used by the researchers in question seems to promise pretty well in this regard.
This is short for electronic components potentially revolutionary, but not yet ready for a debut on the market. According to the researchers to whom is attributed the merit of this discovery, the 4D transistor in question could replace silicon within ten years or so, opening a new era in computing. The potential of these components are in fact enormous, as well as there are many possible fields of application.